Epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a damaged and inflamed of several condition of the elbow includes tendons, muscles, epicondyle, bursa, and periosteum. This condition also called medial or lateral epicondylitis.
This condition is usually caused by frequent powerful contraction of wrist muscles on the outside forearm area. In many cases the risk is increased to those in professions that need repetitive or strenuous forearm movement, for examples mechanics, house painting, carpentry, or assembly line job. Tennis, bowling, golf, skiing, and other sport actions that need someone to twist the hand, forearm, and wrist can also cause painful elbow disorder.
The pain in tennis elbow comes from the attached covering of the bone. Symptoms tend to appear gradually and pain can also be felt in other areas of the elbow and forearm. A decrease in lifting, carrying or grip can occur if the condition becomes chronic. Tennis elbow occurs mostly to person between the ages of 30 to 50 years.
Individual observation and physical examination are needed to diagnose the tennis elbow. If there is no indication of nerve contribution from primary causes, diagnostic testing is not necessary. Magnetic resonance imaging is effective in accurate diagnosing of early painful elbow disorder.
Ice packs or heat is useful in reducing painful elbow disorder. Massage treatment is helpful to reduce inflammation if the symptoms are soft. Homeopathy and botanical medicine may also be helpful for elbow disorder healing such as wintergreen and cayenne cream. It can help to improve blood circulation to the affected region.
Pain relief options must be discussed with health professional. In many cases, doctors prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to ease pain and inflammation. Anesthetics temporarily reduce pain, and cortisone can reduces inflammation.
Shock wave therapy is the latest technique of treatment for tennis elbow. It takes twenty minutes per session and have success rate more than 75 per cent. Surgery may be required if conventional treatment ineffective. This kind of treatment is quite uncommon.
Tennis elbow is usually curable condition and the healing process is quick if detected and treated at their early stages. During the healing process, actions requiring continual forearm and wrist movement must be avoided until symptoms of inflammation and pain subside. Patient such as tennis player should not return to tennis activity for several months. Strengthening and stretching exercises recommended in helping avoid recurring symptoms. Talk about any concerns with health professional. In several cases, consider having an evaluation of your work area and other activities to reduce the risk and prevent advance damage.